Taiwan passed the Wildlife Conservation Law in 1978. Although this law took into account the continuation of species, it had produced negative impacts upon the people living in the habitat. For instance, the corps was reductive by the invading of the animals and people were attacked by wild animals. The research took the fruit farmers who suffered from the hazard of Macaca cyclopis in Mt. Chai area. It aimed to investigate the lifestyle of the fruit farmers in Mt. Chai and the adjustment they made when the disaster struck them around the passage of the Wildlife Conservation Law. It also attempted to present the external driving forces beyond the Mt. Chai. The methods to carry out this study were using the qualitative approach by literature review, participant observation and interview. The data were gathered to interpret the changing life of the fruit farmers who suffered from the hazard of Macaca cyclopis, and the restrictions and considerations of the adjustment.
The researcher found that human beings were the dominators of Mt. Chai area before the passage of the Wildlife Conservation Law. Though the fruit planting was a hard work, it seemed to be as they sow, so shall they reap. Macaca cyclopis did help for the fruit farmers. After the publishing of the Wildlife Conservation Law, people lost domination over this area. Macaca cyclopis became a hazard, they decreased the harvest. The fruit farmers’ responses to the hazard were carrying on the cultivation, abandoning the planting and transforming. Some fruit farmers carried on their jobs because of the difficulties of changing jobs and making a living. For the restrictions of the law and the cost, they used firecrackers and nets to keep the monkeys away. Some gave up the cultivating under the situations of poor environment, bad harvest and aging. Others changed their careers to the service industries after having adequate finance resources. The adjustment of the fruit farmers was decided by themselves theoretically, there really were still many restrictions for the fruit farmers, such as the state apparatus, economic conditions and environmental forces. That illustrated a major difference between the farmers’ expectations and the practical reality. To fight for the right to survival, farmers protested to the government by the parades, judicial proceedings and other actions. Because of problems with land rights, the restrictions of law and the intervention of environmental activists, they still didn’t find the solutions. The hazard of Macaca cyclopis isn’t resolved. Therefore, it caused a decline of local industries