台南市流浪犬政策之回應性評估

外文標題: 
The Responsive Evaluation of Stray Dog Policy in Tainan
出版年份: 
2012年
主題類別: 
關鍵字: 
摘要: 

1998年一部專屬於動物的法律在台灣通過,該法的誕生的主因之一是當時國內流浪犬氾濫,造成社會問題,而在各方努力之下,立法院三讀通過以動物保護為名稱的法案,該法特別關注流浪犬的管理。然而,流浪犬的問題並非如預期般的被解決,甚至突顯更多「徒法不足以自行」的問題。這些問題時常讓動物保護團體與公民產生價值觀的衝突,政府往往處於「父子騎驢」的處境,而台南市亦經常產生上述衝突。縱然如此,政府卻仍以流浪犬數據來做為政策執行成效的判斷,似乎忽略了民眾的內心感受才是政策成效的核心,而容易引發「不可治理」的危機。
  據此,本文以台南市流浪犬政策為研究個案,目的在於從政策利害關係人的觀點瞭解政策的執行成效,以及探討各方利害關係人互動以及對政策執行成效的影響。本研究主要探討四個問題:一、目前台南市流浪犬政策執行成效為何?存在哪些執行困境?有何處需要修正?二、該政策中的利害關係人如何互動?利害關係人對於台南市執行流浪犬政策的成效是否有共識?三、在多元政策利害關係人的角度中,該政策有沒有符合William Dunn所提出六個政策績評估指標(效效能性、效率性、充分性、公正性、回應性、適當性)?六項政策評估指標能否做為台南市流浪犬政策的評估標準?
  本文主要以Cuba & Lincoln於1989年提出的回應性-建構主義評估途徑,並以Dunn的效率性、效能性、充分性、公平性、回應性與適當性等六項為評估指標。研究方法上運用個案研究與深度訪談法,其中訪談對象包含政府、代議士、動物保護團體、學者專家、獸醫師、寵物業者、民意等七大類,共計訪談23位政策利害關係人。
  本研究發現台南市執行流浪犬政策的成效,在利害關係人的觀點中皆有達到Dunn六項評估指標的一定標準,但是也發現民眾觀念不足、行政資源匱乏、利害關係人之間缺乏共識等問題;其次,台南市流浪犬政策具有道德政策的特質,故六項評估指標的運用有其侷限性。

外文摘要: 

The Protection of Animals Act, to ensure the welfare, and make illegal the ill-treatment, of animals, was passed in Taiwan in 1998 One of the main reasons that the animal law was enacted is resulted from the suffering of stray dog problems. However, there is no simple solution to stray dog problems. The only remaining question is whether or not governments can use the number of stray dogs to estimate the efficiency of policy implementation.
The aim of this research is to explore the problems of policy and management of stray dogs in Tainan. Focusing on the subject of the policy participation among policy stakeholders in the implementation process of the Protection of Animals Act, there are four key research questions as the following:From the point of view of stakeholders,
1. How is the effectiveness of policy implementation to deal with stray dog problems in Tainan?
2. Does policy performance in accordance with the types of criteria (effectiveness, efficiency, adequacy, equity, responsiveness, and appropriateness) to evaluate policy outcomes proposed by William
Dunn?
3. What do the relationship and how do the interaction between stakeholders in the process of policy implementation? Can they reach a consensus concerning the policy performance of those types of criteria?
Research methods uses the case studies and in-depth interview, which interviews with a total of 23 stakeholders including seven categories (government, elected representatives, animal protection groups, academics, experts, veterinarians, pet industry, community residents). The findings reveal that most stakeholders take a positive view of the policy performance of those types of criteria in dealing with stray dog problems in Tainan. But regarding to the problems of education of animal protection, scarcity of administrative resources, and lack of consensus between stakeholders remain. And then, the policy implementation of dealing with stray dogs is embedded in moral sense, the use of those six assessment indicators has its limitation.