臺北市三所大學流浪犬捕捉—絕育—回置管理策略之探討

外文標題: 
TNR Study for Stray Dogs in Three University Campus, Taipei
出版年份: 
2012年
主題類別: 
關鍵字: 
摘要: 

政府長期以捕捉-撲殺作為流浪犬管理政策,難以人道而有效地處理流浪動物問題。動物保護團體提出TNR(Trap捕捉-Neuter絕育-Return回置),獲得廣大迴響,並與諸多民意代表以「非殺家園」為訴求,影響政府政策。近年隨著TNR被熱烈討論,但TNR是否適合做為流浪動物管理策略——尤其在流浪犬部分——爭議不斷。
故本研究選擇臺北市校方正式同意以TNR做為校園流浪犬處理策略的三所大學為研究對象,以個案研究的方式深入比較與瞭解TNR在此三校執行的情形,以瞭解TNR做為臺灣流浪犬管理政策的條件與可行性。
研究結果發現一個區域進行,或是預計考量執行流浪犬TNR時,首先需要面對:一、教育規劃與社區溝通問題——建立社區共識、克服任意餵食的行為與人犬安全互動教育,而強化飼主責任降低棄養行為是更上游的問題;二、評估當地狗性,因地制宜規劃人犬互動模式,克服公共安全的疑慮,並考量當地生態影響問題;三、餵食管理——餵食地點為動物聚集點、食物量會影響族群量,以及餵食方式影響人犬關係,故,妥善與餵食者溝通,可以增加TNR成功率;四、評估TNR執行資源。TNR執行社區必須「淨空」:把所有流浪犬隻絕育,並持續觀察新進犬與絕育。社區周圍或是在較廣的區域執行TNR,其絕育率要夠高較能看出成效。
另外,行政單位對TNR的理解與支持很重要,因為犬隻管理需要全校配合。大學校園相較於社區,為一比較單純的環境,在流浪犬TNR執行上仍有其考量條件,過程中仍有許多問題需要克服。謀求校園共識的過程,有助於建立真正的友善校園,保障動物福祉。

外文摘要: 

For a long time, the authorities took “Trap-Removal” as the managing policy for stray dogs, which demonstrated not only an in-humane, but also inefficient approach for this subject. Instead, NGO for animal protection insisted Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) policy, and got very positive feedback in public. Furthermore, they cooperated with councilors to claim “No Kill” policy, and try to persuade the authorities to accept Neuter as a replacement of “Removal”. In the recent years, as TNR became more and more popular in the public forum, one fundamental question was arisen, like “ TNR is a good managing policy for stray animals?” Especially for stray dogs, there was much argument.
Therefore, the study here is by observing 3 individual universities in Taipei City, which are authorized to conduct TNR for stray dogs in campus, to learn how TNR works and furthermore whether if TNR can be moving forward to a solid policy to address stray dog issue.
The study result shows in the fixed region, in order to proceed TNR for stray dogs, it is necessary to:
1. Conduct people communication and education in the community to strengthen ownership, prohibit any non-planning feeding and perform safe interaction with animal.
2. Evaluate the collective behavior of the stray dogs locally, to draw up the optimized interaction mode with the dogs, ease down the concerns of public safety and consider ecological impact as well.
3. Well manage the feeding behavior by:
 Feeding location where they gather as usual.
 Food amount control, which directly influences dog quantity.
 Feeding manner, which impacts relationship with the dogs.
In a word, well communication with the feeder can contribute success in TNR.
4. Evaluate the resources to proceed TNR. It has to be neutered for all the stray dogs, keep close observation, neuter for the newly dogs. If TNR happens in the large area, the neuter percentage has to be high enough to get the solid effectiveness.

Besides, it is important for the authority to understand and support TNR, because dog management needs to be done and cooperated by all the members in the school. Compared with the normal community, it is relatively simple. However, during TNR process, there are still many issues to be resolved. Especially, during coming out the consensus in the campus, it can help to make it more friendly and contribute more in animal welfare.