本研究以台中郭叔叔獼猴生態區與台南烏山獼猴保護區兩場域作比較，針對兩地遊客進行問卷調查，並以實地參與觀察法及田野調查的數據，作為分析結果的舉證。研究期間（2013 年8 月至12 月之週末）於郭叔叔獼猴生態區實得350 份有效問卷，於烏山獼猴保護區實得101 份有效問卷。研究結果顯示，兩地的環境屬性滿意度有顯著差異，其中以有諸多管理規範介入的郭叔叔獼猴生態區之滿意度較高，至於兩地的遊客愉悅感則無顯著差異。於郭叔叔獼猴生態區的遊客大多數不會因為沒有與台灣獼猴近距離接觸或是沒有親身體驗餵食活動而感到不愉悅；於烏山獼猴保護區的遊客雖然可以與獼猴近距離接觸餵食，但遊客對於活動安全性有所疑慮。從分析結果中得知，觀光餵食區之獼猴數量、獼猴行為表現、業者之保育觀念、環境擁擠度、活動安全性、解說活動、餵食之時間點、環境之動線安排以及園區之硬體設備都會影響遊客的滿意度。
In recent years, as wildlife tourism attracts more attention, feeding wildlife has become a popular tourist activity. Feeding wildlife offers tourists a unique experience in the tourism activities, and a majority of tourists feel a sense of excitement or satisfaction through feeling wildlife. Some tourists are even inspired to participate in ecological conservation projects. However, a large number of studies around the world have indicated that tourists who wish to interact with wildlife at a close or even zero distance during feeding often bring about unfavorable impacts of the feeding activity. Thus, the aim of this study is to find an operational paradigm that can effectively lower the impact of feeding wildlife. The Formosan macaque, an endemic species in Taiwan, was selected as target species, and presented as a case study.
This study chose two sites in Taiwan for research, including Uncle Guo’s free-ranging Macaque Park in Taichung and Wushan Macaque Reserve in Tainan. A questionnaire survey was conducted on tourists in both sites, and field observations were also performed to substantiate the research findings. The survey was conducted on the weekends from August 2013 to December 2013. A total of 350 and 101 valid samples were respectively collected from Uncle Guo’s free-ranging Macaque Park and Wushan Macaque Reserve.The results indicated that the tourists expressed significantly different levels of satisfaction at the two sites’ environmental attributes. They were more satisfied with Uncle Guo’s free-ranging Macaque Park, where a number of regulations intervened in the management. However, tourists in both sites showed no significant differences in the joy they experienced. Neither having intimate interactions with macaque monkeys nor feeding the monkeys themselves. Most tourists at Uncle Guo’s free-ranging Macaque Park were not unhappy about the restriction on the interactions with macaque monkeys or feeding the monkeys. The tourists in Wushan Macaque Reserve were concerned about the safety of the feeding activity. According to the analysis results, the number of macaque monkeys at the feeding areas for tourists, behavior of macaque monkeys, park personnel’s philosophy of ecological conservation, the crowdedness of the activity setting, the safety of the activity, explanatory guides, time for feeding, the arrangement of touring routes, and hardware facilities at both sites all affected tourists’ level of satisfaction.
These results are beneficial to wildlife feeing tourism and have significance in sustainable management. In other words, for business owners, the pursuit for tourist satisfaction is not only derived from interaction between tourists and wild animals. It is suggested that resources can be applied to other aspects that can be controlled (for instance, guidance and explanations, arrangement of movement paths, and hardware and facilities). This not only lowers the impact caused by interaction between tourists and wild animals,but also would not result in decreased satisfaction.