寵物犬飼主之飼養行為、人格特質、依附關係對其幸福感影響之研究

外文標題: 
The Effect of Feeding Behavior,Personality Traits,Attachment Relationship on Subjective Well-being of Petdog Owners
校院系所: 
大葉大學管理學院碩士在職專班
指導教授: 
施建彬
出版年份: 
2013年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

本研究旨在探討寵物犬飼主之飼養行為、人格特質、依附關係對幸福感之影響。採取立意抽樣、便利抽樣及滾雪球抽樣於桃園縣進行調查,以飼養寵物犬之飼主為研究對象,共計發放400份問卷,回收有效問卷314份,有效率約為88.2%。資料分析上包括描述性統計、信度分析、單因子變異數分析、獨立樣本t檢定、Pearson積差相關分析、逐步多元迴歸分析等。
研究樣本以女性、上班族、41-50歲、大專以上、已婚、有子女、住在都市的公寓大樓、同住人數3-4人及每月所得在20001-40000元的為多數。飼養行為特性上,以飼養1隻、公犬、體型為中型犬、第一次飼養、飼養時間為2年以上、主要飼養動機為自己喜愛、主要來源為購買、和寵物犬互動時間1小時及相處時間8小時為主。
本研究結果發現:一、不同人口統計變項之寵物犬飼主在幸福感及依附關係上有顯著差異。二、不同飼養行為變項在幸福感上未達顯著差異;在依附關係上有顯著差異。三、親和性、外向性、負責性、開放性與幸福感具有顯著正相關。四、神經質與幸福感具有顯著負相關。五、人格特質、依附關係對幸福感有顯著預測力。六、開放性人格特質對有子女者幸福感最具顯著預測力。七、親和性人格特質對無子女者幸福感最具顯著預測力。
最後,根據本研究結果進行討論,並提出相關之建議,以作為未來飼主及後續研究者之參考。

外文摘要: 

This research aimed at exploring the effect of petdog owners’ feeding behavior, personality traits, and attachment relationship on subjective well-being.We perform an investigation around the Taoyuan County by sampling of purposive sampling, convenience sampling and snowball sampling. The research object are petdog owners’.Of the 400 questionnairs distributed, 314 we completed returned.The inquiry effective rate is 88.2%. The data analysis methods include descriptive statistics, reliability test, one-way ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation, Stepwise Regression.
The majority samples in this research was females, holding business jobs , university or technology in education, the peoples who has married and have child, living in the apartment or large building and 3 to 4 persons live together as well as the persons who has monthly salary around 20thousands to 40thousands. The petcare behavior are feeding one male doggy at a time, median size, first time breeding, breeding time longer than 2 years, the major motive is joyful, getting by purchasing, daily interaction was 1 hours and getting along 8 hours per day approximately.
The result of this research discover as follows:
1.There is a significant difference between petdog owners’ that have different background, attachment relationship, and subjective well-being.
2.There is a significant difference between petdog owners’ that have different feeding behavior on attachment relationship,but no significant difference on subjective well-being.
3.There is a significant positive correlation between agreeableness and well-being,conscientiousness and well-being ,extraversion and well-being,openness to experience and subjective well-being.
4.There is a negative linear relationship between neuroticism and well-being.
5.Personality traits and attachment relationship predict subjective well-being.
6In terms of child,the best predictor of the petdog owner’ well-being is the openness.
7In terms of no child,the best predictor of the petdog owner’ well-being is the agreeableness.
Finally, according to the result of this research which can provide a suggestion to pet feeders, follower to consult.