蝙蝠屋內微溫度對蝙蝠入住之影響

外文標題: 
Effect of Micro-temperature on Occupancy of Bat House
校院系所: 
環球科技大學觀光與生態旅遊系環境資源管理碩士班
指導教授: 
張子見
出版年份: 
2014年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

人類對蝙蝠的誤解使得蝙蝠的保育比其他生物慢,近幾年來,隨著學者對蝙蝠的研究與認識,人類才了解蝙蝠對生態的價值與重要性。在蝙蝠的保育方式中,最重要的是自然棲息地的保護,而最為推廣的則是蝙蝠屋,提及的因素包含高度、方位、有無天敵等。而溫度等因素則較少有學者研究,因此,本文想要探討蝙蝠屋內的微溫度對於蝙蝠入住蝙蝠屋的影響。本研究發現蝙蝠入住蝙蝠屋的情況與蝙蝠屋的溫度互相影響,而在溫度的選擇上,蝙蝠屋內白天的平均溫度應是蝙蝠選擇蝙蝠屋的主要依據。蝙蝠屋的顏色影響蝙蝠屋的溫度,而蝙蝠屋的溫度又影響蝙蝠選擇蝙蝠屋。
若要依據溫度條件增加蝙蝠屋的利用率,記錄溫度的時間以白天的平均溫度最準確,並且所的花時間也較長,需要將近半天的時間。如果要節省時間,可採用日出後四至七小時的溫度加以平均亦可。不論採用何種方式,東亞家蝠的最高入住率皆在27℃-32℃ 的範圍內。

外文摘要: 

The misunderstangduing of bats from people makes the conservation of bats slower than other creatures. In recent years , with more and more pieces of reserch on bats, people get to know the great significance of bats on ecology. In terms of the conservation of bats, the most important factors taken into consideration are the protection for the natural habitat as well as the artificial bat houses with regard to factors such as height, direction, predators, etc. Nevertheless,scholars seldom pay attention to the influence of the temperature. As a result, the study investigates the influence of micro-temperature in bat houses on the purch of bats. An interesting phenomenon is found that the temperature in bat houses makes a significant impact on the perch of bats and vice versa. The average temperature in the daytime is the main factor that bats consider to stay in the house. The color inside the bat house affects the temperature within.
For a great perch in bat houses under the proper temperature , it is important to record the average temperature inside the house in the daytime. Therefore, it takes much time to keep the record, almost half a day. The better period for recording the temperatures is four hours to seven ones after the sunrise. No matter which way we use to record the tempertures, the proper ones for the best perch range from 27℃ to 32℃.