彰化縣二水鄉附近山區，常有台灣獼猴（Macaca cyclopis）成群出沒其間，林務單位也曾設置「二水台灣獼猴自然保護區」加以保護。但由於猴群數量增加，且常到保護區外的果園或農地覓食與活動，危害當地的農作物，造成居民及管理單位相當大的困擾。 為瞭解二水鄉居民對台灣獼猴的認知、保育態度、對相關單位所採行管理策略及發展生態旅遊的意見，本研究首先透過問卷調查方式對保護區周邊的居民進行訪問，由409份的有效問卷的統計分析結果顯示，大多數居民對台灣獼猴認知是很清楚的；在保育態度上認為台灣獼猴可調整其保育等級（從保育類動物名單中除名），不必特別加以保護；對管理意見上認為政府應幫助農民解決獼猴危害作物的問題，並對所造成的危害給予適當補償。此外，認為政府應協助居民積極推展當地的生態旅遊活動，同時提供遊客更多有關野生動物保育的機會教育。 本研究並針對居民代表（或意見領袖）、專家學者與管理單位人員等三種類群共13人進行深度訪談，得以對本研究擬探討的議題有更深入的了解，並獲得許多無法由結構式問卷調查顯示出來的訊息。大多數受訪談者都認為台灣獼猴仍應列為保育類野生動物，對於農民防治獼猴危害作物驅趕工資補助，地方意見領袖較持肯定的看法，而專家學者與管理單位人員則多數認為無實質幫助，且有失公平。此外受訪者均認為二水鄉台灣獼猴極具發展生態旅遊的潛力。並建議串連豐柏廣場步道、生態教育館及其他遊憩據點，發展二水鄉的產業觀光及生態旅遊，以帶動地方經濟。 本研究依據彙整兩種研究方法所得資料，提出若干具體的建議事項，供為相關單位在訂定相關保育策略時之參考。
Groups of Formosan macaque（Macaca cyclopis） were usually found in mountainous area of Er-shuei district in Changhua County. Taiwan Forestry Bureau (TFB) has established “Er-shuei Formosan Macaque Nature Reserve” to protect them. Despite the protection, growing numbers of Formosan macaque, which often seek for food and activate outside the protection area, not only damage local crops but also bother local residents and the management organization. To understand the opinions of residents in Er-shuei regarding their cognition of Formosan macaque, their attitudes toward its conservation, management strategies and ecotourism development, this study first adopted questionnaire to interview residents around the protection zone. By analyzing 409 valid pieces of questionnaire, the results showed that most residents possess clear cognition of Formosan macaque. Regarding reserving attitudes, it was considered that the reserving rank of Formosan macaque should be adjusted (even to be removed). That is, Formosan macaque should not be reserved. Regarding opinions on management, results show that the authorities should help farmers solve the problem regarding crops being damaged by Formosan macaque and these damages should be reimbursed. In addition, it is expected that the authorities should be initiatively involved in supporting residents to develop ecotourism activities and, in the mean time, offering visitors with knowledge regarding wildlife conservation. This research also adopted in-depth interview with 13 peoples including resident representatives (or opinion leaders), intellectual experts and members from management authorities, which enables more profound understanding to the current issues by acquiring information that is not accessible through constructed questionnaire. Most interviewees considered Formosan macaque be ranked as reserving animals. Regarding reimbursement for driving out these monkeys, local opinion leaders hold positive comments while intellectual experts consider no actual assistance has been rendered, nor the fairness be reached. In addition, interviewees all agree that Formosan macaque in Er-shuei has its potential for ecotourism development. It is also suggested the tourism be combined with Feng-Buo square alameda, eco-education museum and other tourist attractions to develop tour industry of Er-shuei Village to boost local economics. Based on the data from both research methods, the research also provides several concrete suggestions for reference to relative authorities to constitute conservation strategies.