福山試驗林台灣獼猴幼猴之遊戲互動

外文標題: 
Play interactions in juvenile Taiwanese macaques (Macaca cyclopis) in the Fushan Experimental Forest
校院系所: 
屏東科技大學 野生動物保育研究所
指導教授: 
蘇秀慧
出版年份: 
2009年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

遊戲行為是一種複雜的社會行為,對於未成年靈長類除了能增強運動技能,亦能增進個體社會化及促進社會關係發展。且在遊戲過程中,未成年靈長類會調整自身行為而使遊戲持續進行,因而能培養出個體間彼此的合作聯盟關係及社會關聯的建立。且遊戲互動中個體間有較長時間身體緊密接觸,因此具有社群內社會凝聚及穩定社會關係的功能。本研究測試台灣獼猴(Macaca cyclopis)幼猴遊戲行為具有建立社會關聯之功能的假說,以焦點動物取樣法觀察記錄宜蘭福山試驗林A1猴群8隻幼猴之行為,對參與遊戲互動之個體以及遊戲行為發生過程作詳細記錄,並輔以特定行為取樣法記錄A1猴群0至3歲嬰幼猴間所發生的遊戲行為。結果顯示台灣獼猴幼猴遊戲互動受幼猴間親緣關係及親近度、母系位階、性別組合、年齡差異所影響。同血緣及親近度高、母系位階相近、同性別,以及同年齡幼猴間之遊戲互動皆較頻繁。以上幼猴之遊戲互動的模式支持台灣獼猴幼猴的遊戲與未成年個體間社會關聯建立有關。

外文摘要: 

Play behavior is a complex form of social behavior, which is proposed to build motor skills and social communication skill in juvenile primates. During a social play, juveniles would adjust their own behavior and strength in order to maintain the play interaction, and therefore build social bonds. Social play interactions also keep juveniles stay in close physical contact and thus maintain social cohesion within group members. I, therefore, hypothesized that play behavior is associated to building social bonds in juvenile Taiwanese macaques. Eight juvenile Taiwanese macaques in the A1 troop at Fushan were observed by focal animal sampling method. In each 10-min focal sample, behaviors of the focal animal were continuously recorded. In addition, behavior sampling method was conducted to collect data on play behavior of juveniles under 3 years old in the A1 troop. Juvenile Taiwanese macaques engaged in significantly more play interactions with kin which were in proximity. Juveniles with same-ranks, of same-sex, or of same-age involved in play interactions significantly more frequently. I concluded that play interactions play an important role on building social bonds in the juvenile Taiwanese macaque.