近藤薰美子自然繪本之生態觀解析研究

外文標題: 
A Study on Ecologic Values in Kumiko Kondo’s Nature Picture Books
校院系所: 
國立臺東大學 兒童文學研究所
指導教授: 
郭建華
出版年份: 
2009年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

目前談到生態文學,以生態小說或報導文學為主流,在兒童文學中的生態小說也為之不少。繪本為兒童文學裡的一種閱讀讀物,日本繪本作家近藤薰美子以繪本為媒介,呈現獨特的繪畫風格,描繪大自然中花草樹木、昆蟲動物的相互關係,傳達她熱愛大自然的心情。 本研究以近藤薰美子十六本自寫自畫的作品為研究文本,對圖、文、及圖文關係進行分析,瞭解作品中呈現的題材類別、表現手法及視覺效果,以西方三大環境倫理—人類中心主義、生命中心主義、環境整體主義審視,深入探討作家所鼓勵的生態觀念。 結論發現繪本中的植物以寫實手法表現,是動物活動的舞台,植物在圖畫裡並非主角,但是每本作品中都有植物存在,在春夏秋冬展現生命不同的階段。動物呈現卡通化的風格,各種行為也以擬人的表現居多。作者描繪在人類住家附近草原、樹林或水池出現的小動物,讓各式各樣的生命為自己的生存努力。提供生物能量來源的太陽、雨水、土壤、微風藉著文字和象徵的圖像,表現它們對動植物的影響力。 近藤薰美子作品所呈現的生態觀,與西方環境倫理的生命中心主義相近;重視在地球上生存的各種生物,讚頌生命的繽紛多姿,地球之所以能生生不息,是因為有各種生命與非生命相互交融。人也是自然中的一份子,作者希望藉由繪本鼓勵人們親近自然,體驗生命的可貴,因而尊重生命。

外文摘要: 

When speaking of ecological literature, ecological fiction or news reports literature is generally considered the mainstream and ecological fiction is commonly seen among children’s literature works. Picture books are one type of children’s literature. Ms. Kumiko Kundo, a Japanese picture books writer using picture books as a medium, has demonstrated a unique painting style by depicting the interactions among plants, insects and animals to convey her passion for nature. This study is based on the sixteen books written and illustrated by Ms. Kumiko Kundo, analyzing the illustrations, texts and the relationships between pictures and texts. The study is aimed at understanding the different types of themes presented in the works, different styles of expression and the different visual effects resulting there from. Further, the study conducts an in-depth review on the ecological value promoted by Ms. Kumiko Kundo in her books with the three major environmental ethical principles in western society – anthropocentrism, biocentrism, and environmental holism. The study concludes the followings. Plants, which are the stages where animals play, are depicted in a vivid style in Ms. Kumiko Kundo’s picture books. While plants do not play a leading role in those pictures, they exist in each of Ms. Kumiko Kundo’s works and exhibit a variety of features with the changing four seasons. Animals are presented in cartoon-style, mimicking behaviors of human beings. The writer depicted little creatures inhabiting the meadows, forests, or ponds surrounding human houses and these creatures’ efforts for survival. The sun, rain and soil, as sources providing energies to living creatures, demonstrated their influence on plants and animals through texts and symbolic illustrations. The ecologic values presented in Ms. Kumiko Kundo’s works are very similar to the biocentrism in western environmental ethical principles. Ms. Kumiko Kundo treasures various kinds of livings on the earth, and praises the vigor and splendor of life. The continuous flourishing and sustaining of the earth could be attributed to the interaction and blending among different species, including lives and non-lives. Human beings are part of the great universe and the writer Ms. Kumiko Kundo wishes to encourage people to come close to the nature, to experience the wonders of life and to treasure all living creatures accordingly.