非營利組織與地方政府的合作關係之研究 ─以臺北市街貓絕育回置方案為例

外文標題: 
The Cooperation Between Non-profit Organizations and Local Government: A Case Study on Feral Cat of Trap-Neuter-Return of Taipei City
校院系所: 
國立台北大學 公共行政暨政策學系
指導教授: 
呂育誠
出版年份: 
2011年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

非營利組織與地方政府的合作過程中,因為受到許多主觀面、客觀面與非營利組織特質等因素的影響,造成非營利組織與地方政府的合作會產生若干的阻礙與落差。因此研究中以深度訪談的方式,探索非營利組織與地方政府對於合作個案的想法與意見,期望能瞭解影響非營利組織與地方政府的合作因素、非營利組織與地方政府合作的內涵與特性,以及臺北市街貓絕育回置方案在雙方的合作關係有何意義與特殊性,是此研究的主要目的。 研究中透過期刊專書與國內碩博士論文之研究成果,歸納發展出研究架構,包括非營利組織與地方政府的合作因素:非營利組織參與地方政府運作的動力(主觀面與客觀面)與非營利組織特質,以及雙方合作的結果:地方政府主導、非營利組織主導與平等契約三種合作關係。藉由這個研究架構,研究者對實務進行瞭解,得到相關的研究結果。 依據實證研究的結果,研究中逐一檢視理論與實務之間的差異為何,發現因為個案特殊性的關係,於研究結論中再建構非營利組織與地方政府的關係內容,將若干合作因素與結果作部分捨棄與修改,例如研究中將溝通因素修正為溝通程度、角色定位修正為角色與責任、信任與承諾修正為信心,以及最後以政策利害關係人觀點取代三種非營利組織與地方政府的合作關係。針對這些相關的研究結果,研究建議非營利組織方面,應避免因執行個案而影響組織宗旨與自主性,並強化非營利組織的運作能力,與集中動物保護組織的意見與力量;而地方政府方面則建議重新定義非營利組織與地方政府合作的角色與功能、增加個案執行所需的資源,並強化政策的正當化等。

外文摘要: 

“Trap-Neuter-Return’’ (TNR) is an emerging public issue in recent years, and many volunteers advance it in Taipei. If the project wants to succeed, it must depend on the cooperation between Non-profit Organizations (NPOs) and Local Government. This study mainly discusses the possible solutions and difficulties faced in the project. By the way, this research adopts In-depth interview methods to explain:(1) factors that affect cooperation between NPOs and local government ; (2) meaning of the cooperation relationship, and (3) characteristics of TNR of Taipei City. This research reviewed former studies about the theory and practical field to construct the analytic structure at first, then. canalized structure into two parts. One part is cooperation factors, including NPOs which participate in local public affairs’ motivation(including subjective and objective sides), and NPOs‘ characteristics; the other is about cooperation outcomes, including three relationships: local government-oriented, NPOs-oriented, and equal contract. Because of the special nature of this case, the author re-construct part of the analytic structure, especially about modified communicate to the degree of communication, trust and commitment to confidence, and three cooperation relationships to policy stakeholders. According to the findings, the author suggest that NPOs should pay attention to their purpose of organization and autonomy, enhance their operational capacity, and focus on the views of animal protection organizations. On the other hand, the author suggest that local government should also re-define roles and functions both of NPOs and local government, increase resources for implementation, and strengthen the legitimacy of the policy.