生命無價?--談教學用動物實驗的道德爭議

校院系所: 
國立臺灣大學 新聞研究所
指導教授: 
黃慧璧
黃怡
出版年份: 
2000年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

動物實驗是因應人類的需要而產生。在台灣,多數人只知道動物實驗對醫療、生化科技等產業有很大的貢獻,但鮮少有人對動物實驗的道德層面提出質疑,遑論去討論其必要性和積極去研發替代動物實驗的方法。 因此,本文選擇探討動物實驗的道德爭議。文獻部分介紹動物權理論、動物實驗的概況,包括動物實驗的定義、和社會的關係、國內外相關法律等。 深度報導部分則將焦點放在大專院校教學用動物實驗的情況。探討目前台灣這方面的情形,並積極探究教學用動物實驗的必要性、替代方式可行性、國外情況等面向。 希望藉由這篇報導,喚醒大家關注動物實驗這個議題;當在從事所謂增進人類福祉之事的時候,能思考、衡量一下對其他物種造成的侵犯,將傷害減至最低。

外文摘要: 

Laboratory animals were raised by the need from human society. In Taiwan, people commonly recognize the significant contribution of experimental animals towards the pharmaceutical and biological industries, however, few are aware or suspicious of the aspect of ethics of the animal experiment. Not to mention to question the necessity and discuss the alternative ways to replace animal experiment. In this thesis, we try to uncover the truth behind the laboratory usage of animals and debate the ethical viewpoint of animal experiment. The literature part reviews the theory of animal rights, the current scope of animal experiment, the definition of experimental animal, the relation to the human society, and the relevant laws in Taiwan and foreign countries. In the highlight section, focus will be on the present situation of academic usage of experimental animals in Taiwan. We also discuss the necessity of animal experiment, and summarize the possible alternatives to animal experiment and the many efforts that have been done to minimize the pain of the laboratory animals. It is highly hoped that through this report, people, especially in Taiwan, can be well aware of the problem of experimental animals and their rights to be pain- and fear-free. When conducting such animal experiments for the alleged purpose of human benefits, the rights of the animals and necessity should be also brought into consideration, so as to minimize the pains and death of the laboratory animals.