臺灣地區家戶寵物飼養之初步調查

外文標題: 
A Survey of Household Pets in Taiwan,1995
校院系所: 
國立台灣大學 公共衛生學研究所
指導教授: 
林瑞雄
出版年份: 
1996年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

鑑於台灣地區寵物飼養有愈來愈普遍,對個人或家戶的重要性有更形增加 的趨勢,所以有必要對台灣地區之家戶寵物飼養情形進行研究。本研究利 用問卷訪視與電話追蹤訪問的方式, 針對汐止鎮地區的家戶,進行家戶 寵物飼養之調查。 自八十四年一月一日至八十四年十二月三十一日止, 一共訪視完成 4,146 份有效家戶問卷,完成率達 98.8 %;由初步分析 寵物飼養情形,獲知汐止地區有 26 %家戶有飼養寵物, 其中,71%家 戶有飼養犬, 4.7 %飼養貓,鑑於對犬、貓的飼養有進一步探討的需要 ,所以以電話追蹤原有飼養犬貓之 833 家戶, 共得 490 戶,追蹤完成 率為 58.8 %,其中包括 684 隻犬、59 隻貓之飼養資料。調查結果顯示 : 家戶沒有飼養寵物的主要原因是沒有足夠的時間、居住環境不允許、 家人不喜歡動物與寵物會造成環境衛生問題等因素。 家戶飼養犬的主要 原因,53 %為興趣,其次依序為看家、作伴及收養來的動物等。 家戶飼 養的犬隻中,以台灣土犬為最多,其次依序為博美犬、馬爾濟斯犬與貴賓 犬等品種。家戶的平均人口數愈多比較容易飼養寵物 ( P

外文摘要: 

As more and more people in Taiwan become pet owners, the present study surveyed nearly 4,200 households of Hsi-Chih, a town adjacent to Taipei city, to study the prevalence and types of pet in the urban area, to explore the determinants of owning pets at households, and to investigate the relationship between family characteristics and pet ownership. Face-to-face interviews of people from 4,146 households were completed between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 1995 to obtain information on family characteristics and household environments. Among the households being visited, 833 owned pet(s) and were requested by telephone interview thereafter to provide information on types of pet, pet s medical care usage, and ways of disposal of excretion. Four hundreds and ninety ( 58.8% ) households were successfully interviewed; A total data of 684 dogs and 59 cats were obstained. The results show that the prevalence rate of pet ownership was around 26% in the study area, and dog was the most prevalent ( 71% ) pet. The reasons why some households did not own pets can be attributable to limited time, unavailability of proper space, no interest of being a pet owner, and avoidance of insanitary environment. Fun is the leading factor of owning pets for most families ( 53% ). The other factors includ seeking a watchdog, in favor of dog to live with, and taking care of unattended dogs. The three major pet dogs are pomeranian, maltese, and poodle, respectively. The results also show that the average family size is larger in those families with pets, as compared to the families without pets ( P