都市公園之寵物犬活動區設置研究 -以台北市大安森林公園使用者為調查對象

外文標題: 
A Study of Setting Up Dog Runs in an Urban Park Area ─A Case Study of Da-An Forest Park Users in Taipei City
校院系所: 
銘傳大學 媒體空間設計研究所碩士班
指導教授: 
詹仕鑑
出版年份: 
2005年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

在地狹人稠的台灣都會區內,「都市公園」是提供民眾休閒與運動的主要綠地空間,也是飼主與寵物犬一起活動的最佳選擇。有鑑於社會型態的轉型與社會價值的變遷,本研究以探討都市公園內設置寵物犬活動區等相關議題為研究範圍,並將「寵物犬活動區」界定為以犬為主要使用對象,為滿足犬的活動需求所規劃的空間,是一個能讓狗在無需繫牽繩的狀態下,提供狗自由奔跑的區域。 本研究選擇大安森林公園的使用者為調查對象,以文獻資料收集、專家訪談和問卷調查的方式進行,研究結果顯示,寵物犬活動區的意義可由下列三個面向說明:(一)對於犬而言:犬可以藉由活動和主人產生良好的互動關係,並和其它狗增進社交行為,促進犬的身心健康。(二)對於飼主而言:增加飼主與狗的互動與感情,而狗如果健康,將可以減少飼主的經濟負擔,另外飼主可藉此交換彼此飼養心得與經驗。(三)對於社會大眾而言:專家提出設置寵物犬活動區可間接改善流浪狗的問題,並降低環境的髒亂,增加人際間的交流以及社會的教育性,而民眾認為設置寵物犬活動區對於原本公園的影響依序分別為:1.增加公園的社交性、2.增加公園的休閒性、3.增加公園的活動性。 此外,研究結果發現:寵物犬活動區的「需求度」、「增設同意度」、「認知」、「規劃意見」受到民眾不同的「使用特性」、「社經背景」而有所影響。民眾對於寵物犬活動區的「需求度」與「增設同意度」,均屬於「中度」之程度,多數民眾贊成寵物犬活動區需採半開放的動線設置,區內需專人管理,有固定開放時間,不需要年齡限制。而民眾認為在大安森林公園內,以「環境的衛生」為設置寵物犬活動區的第一考量因素,區內的設施首要為設立「排泄區」與「清潔設施」,與專家首重環境衛生之結論相同。 其實大部份的民眾並不排斥寵物犬活動區的設置,而是對飼主的素養、公園環境的管理沒有信心,因此,政府需與動保團體、民間志工等相關單位相互合作,和民眾建立良好的溝通管道,加強飼主公德心的建立,並於寵物犬活動區成立後,持續妥善經營與管理,如此才能完全發揮寵物犬活動區的意義與功能。

外文摘要: 

Living in small and crowed cities in Taiwan, an urban park is the main green space that provides people for exercising and relaxing. It is also the best choice for owners and their dogs to play together and to increase their relationships. Based on the above observations, the study aim is to research in setting up dog runs in an urban park area. A “Dog Run” is planed for dogs, and is an “Off-Leash Area” which is an area set up where dogs can recreate unleashed with their owners. The objects of this study are users of the Da-An Forest Park. This research use three methodologies including: Literature review、Semi structured interviewing、and Questionnaire survey. As the result, the meanings of dog runs are as follows: (1) For dogs: Dogs can improve physiological health by activating with owners and other dogs. (2) For owners: To increase owners and dogs’ relationship. If dogs are healthy, owners can reduce expense on the medical treatment. And owners can change their raising experiences with each other. (3) For society: Professionals suggests that setting up dog runs can not only solve the problem of stray dogs, but also decrease the environment pollution. It can increase interpersonal relationship and social education. People consider that after setting up a dog run, the park will be 1.more sociable、2.more recreational、3.more active. Besides, the results of this study indicate that: People’s different using distinctions and backgrounds correlate with the level of people’s dog run demand、accession、percept and planning ideas of dog runs. The levels of people’s dog run demand and accession are middle. Most people approve dog runs should be designed by semi-open path, administered by professed persons, has stated open-time and no age limited. People consider that the first setting factor is “public hygiene” and the most important amenities are “pooper scooper stations” and “excretion area”. These opinions are the same with professionals’. Most people agree to set up a dog run in the Da-An Forest Park, but they lack confidence in owners’ equipment and the park management. Therefore, the government has to cooperate with the animal protectors and community volunteers, educate owners and establish their moralities. It is important to manage dog runs continually in good condition so that the meanings and functions of dog runs can work completely.