從依附理論探討老人飼養寵物之形成歷程

外文標題: 
Research on Attachment Theory in the Examination of the Forming Process of the Elder Keeping Pets
校院系所: 
元智大學 社會暨政策科學學系
指導教授: 
陳燕禎
出版年份: 
2010年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

飼養寵物已成為現今社會的一種趨勢,進入高齡化社會後,老人漸以飼養寵物來增進其情感依附,故本研究旨在探討城鄉老人飼養動物之種類、態度、現況及動機,探討老人飼養寵物之形成歷程,分析老人飼養寵物對身心健康及生活品質之影響。本研究採質化研究的深度訪談法進行第一手資料收集,以宜蘭、台北、桃園、新竹地區為研究範圍,共訪談18位,其中包含65歲以上具有飼養寵物經驗之老人、家人或照顧者、專家學者寵物店家及獸醫等。研究顯示偏遠地區飼養者,著重寵物的「保護功能」,有寵物陪伴讓自己較有安全感;都市地區飼養者,著重生活樂趣,並視寵物為重要之精神寄託,此二者皆有陪伴功能。再者,本研究發現:老人飼養歷程,磨合期階段老人出於「愛心」飼養,滿足其安全感需求;適應期階段,因子女不在身邊,老人寂寞而產生「情感轉移」,寵物成為重要友伴;成熟期階段老人對寵物產生信賴,視寵物為親密家庭分子。本研究依結論提出相關具體建議:1.老人慎選適合自己能力控制的寵物,避免因無力控制而發生意外,例如帶大型犬外出活動;2.老人飼養寵物,家中子女可多代勞清理寵物排泄物,讓老人養寵物輕鬆不費力;3.老人飼養寵物需注意飼養寵物之公共衛習慣,讓老人活出活力和健康。

外文摘要: 

Keeping pets has become a trend in modern society. In an aging society, elders often keep pets to enhance their emotional attachment. This study thus is to explore elders in urban and rural areas in keeping their pet animals in terms of types, attitude, status and motivation. Furthermore, the study examines the forming process of elders'' keeping pets, and the analysis of effects on the relations between elders keeping pets and physical and mental health and quality of life. This study adopts qualitative research interviews to do data collection. The scope in the study covers the areas of Ilan, Taipei, Taoyuan, and Hsinchu. There are 18 persons in the interviews, including elders over 65 years old with pet-keeping experiences, family members, caregivers, experts, scholars, pet store owners and veterinarians. The study shows that pet owners in remote areas would focus on pets in terms of "protection". With a pet in company, the pet owner would feel more sense of security; pet owners in urban areas would focus on enjoyment of life, and consider pets important in the spiritual aspect. The functions are placed on the features of keeping accompany with owners. Furthermore, the findings of this study reveal that in the process of keeping pets, the elders in the adaptability stage feeds on the pets out of love, which meets the pet owner in security needs; In the adaptation period, because that children are not around, elders may come up with loneliness and cause the "emotional transfer"; pets have become important companionship; in the mature stage, elders growing trust in pets regarded the pets as close members of the family. In conclusion, the study gives a concrete proposal as follows 1. elders should carefully choose a pet according to his/her ability to control over it, avoiding accidents that he/she may lose control, for example, go out with a large-size dog. 2. When the elder keeps a pet at home, sons and daughters may give more helps to clear up pet''s excretion so that the elder can own the pet at ease 3. When the elder has a pet, he/she should pay attention to the health habit of keeping pets so as elders may live with vitality and good health.