國小五年級學童對校園流浪犬生命關懷行動之教育介入研究

外文標題: 
An educational intervention study to promote caring of life toward campus stray dogs of a group of fifth-grade pupils
校院系所: 
南華大學 生死學研究所
指導教授: 
張利中
出版年份: 
2010年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

本研究旨在探討國小五年級學童照護校園流浪犬對於生命關懷體現之成效,並將其設計成為生命教育的體驗課程。     本研究採用準實驗研究設計,研究對象為彰化縣二所國民小學五年級三個班共83名學童。實驗組學童26人,接受六個月的校園流浪犬的照護體驗課程,對照組學童57人,接受一般課程。以「對流浪犬的生命關懷」、「學童同理心」、「教室關懷氣氛」量表為研究工具,進行前、後、追蹤測所得資料進行分析;另根據學童之照護札記、小日記、教師觀察記錄等質性資料,探討學童對於校園流浪犬的照護體驗課程的收穫及感想,以了解教育介入後的成效。     研究結果發現: 一、實驗組接受校園流浪犬的照護體驗課程後,於對流浪犬的生命關懷有立即性的顯著效果和延宕性的影響;於學童同理心有部份影響;於教室關懷氣氛有延宕性的影響。 二、校園流浪犬的照護體驗課程,能培養學童解決問題的能力、包容力、凝聚學童的向心力使氣氛更和樂、是學童的心靈療癒師、同儕關係的潤滑劑,且師生間的互動也較為輕鬆。      根據以上研究結果,提出具體建議作為學校推動生命教育、政府管理流浪動物及未來相關研究上之參考。

外文摘要: 

  The study aims to examine the effect a life caring curriculum with a group of fifth-grade pupils to improve their care toward campus stray dogs. In specific, an experiential approach was taken as the essence of the design to be the experience curriculum of life education.      This research adopts the quasi-experimental design. The research subjects are 83 fifth graders from three classes of two primary schools in Chang-hua. The experiment group (n=26) participates in a six-month experience curriculum to care toward campus stray dogs, while the control group (n=57) students receives normal curriculum. ''Life caring toward stray dogs Scale", "Children Sympathy Scale", and the "Caring in Classroom Scale" are employed as the research tools. The pre-tests and post-tests data were collected and analyzed. Besides, the qualitative data of nurturing notes, and the diaries and observations by the teacher were also collected. These data, quantitative and qualitative, were put together to examine the effects of the present educational intervention.     The research findings are summarized as follow: 1.After receiving the nurturing experience curriculum, the experiment group shows the immediate significant and persistent effects toward campus stray dogs life caring, partially on sympathy, and significantly on caring in the classroom. 2.Experience curriculum to care toward campus stray dogs can trains the child to solve problems, to tolerate, positively stimulate social choesion in children the group become more harmonious, the child mind-therapy, provide a relative easy means of improving teaching conditions.     Based on the research results, the researcher proposes practical implications for the school administrative to implement life education school-wise. In addition, it is suggested that the government should have a thorough plan to control the stray animal. Implications for future research were also discussed.