臺灣野鳥外寄生蟲研究--福山, 關渡及烏來三地的蟲相調查

外文標題: 
The Study of Ectparasites of Wild Birds in Taiwan -- The Survey of Ectoparasite Fauna in Fushan, Kuanto and Wulai Area
校院系所: 
國立台灣大學 獸醫學系研究所
指導教授: 
費昌勇
吳文哲
出版年份: 
1997年
主題類別: 
外文摘要: 

investigate ectoparasite fauna of wild birds in Taiwan and to es tablish a local data set, 430 wild birds were examined for ectoparasites throu gh banding in Fushan, Kuanto and Wulai area during the time from 1996.8.24 til l 1997.3.30. The birds were included in 47 species, 15 families and 4 orders ( Passerinformes, Charadriiformes, Gruiformes and Coraciifromes). An average of 74.4 % (320/430) of birds were found habouring feather mites; 27% (116/430) ch ewing lice. 4 louse flies were detected from 3 gray-cheed fulvetta (Alcippe mo rrisonia) and 1 gould's fulvetta (Alcippe brunnea) ; 2 bird mites from 2 gray- cheeked fulvetta. After taxonomic works, 12 genera included in 6 families ( Analgidae, Avenzoariidae, Proctophyllodidae, Trouessartiidae and Xolalgidae) w ere represented from feather mites; 5 genera included in 2 families (Menoponid ae and Philopteridae) from chewing lice; 1 species (Ornithoica simplicis) from louse flies; 1 family (Macronyssidae) from bird mites. Statistical r esults appeared that there was a significant association between feather mites detection rate and the order of host, and so was there between chewing lice d etection rate and the order of host. The detection numbers of feather mites an d chewing lice both have significant differences in Charadriiformes and Passer informes. In the study of gray-cheeked fulvetta in Fusan area, detection rate of feather mites was highly associated with seasons, and the detection numbers were significantly different ifour seasons. But detection rate and numbers of chewing lice did not have such phenomenon. Thi s study has been the first local survey of ectoparasites of wild birds in Taiw an since 1965. The results of the study could serve as a reference of arthropo d-borne disease preventing, and be an important foundation for future studies.