野生動物再引入計畫之質性評估--以墾丁梅花鹿計畫為例

外文標題: 
A Qualitative Evaluation of Wildlife Reintroduction Program--Case study of the Formosan Sika Deer(Cervus nippon) to Kenting National Park, Taiwan
校院系所: 
國立臺灣大學 森林學研究所
指導教授: 
袁孝維
出版年份: 
2001年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

墾丁梅花鹿再引入復育計畫自1984年開始進行,至2000年已花費約1.8億元新台幣,現已有野生鹿群約百餘隻,該計畫的過程中有許多的爭議,因此在熱烈開始兩年後,計畫經費就大幅縮減,現幾已停頓。本研究以質性研究方法,對當初參與計畫之成員,及相關專家學者計二十人作半結構性之深入訪談,再將訪談資料作分析,發現該再引入復育計畫的核心現象為「聚焦又失焦的再引入復育計畫」,而形成這核心的機制可分別從該再引入復育計畫的決策、執行過程、執行結果與整體事件作評析;發現該計畫之決策並未建立大眾之共識,整體目標不明確,過程中資源分配利用不當,亦未妥善整合各方科學與社會經濟,落實社區保育與教育,以致於整個計畫未能紮根於地方。但該計畫之進行,也深受大眾傳播媒體的厚愛,使得國內之保育工作起飛,吸引更多人才加入保育行列,並歷練了保育工作之推廣技巧,於國內外之宣導工作有卓效,本報告並由該復育計畫探討國內保育之未來應如何發展與推動,有綜合性的評析。

外文摘要: 

With a cost of 180 million NT dollars and within 16 years, the reintroduction program of Formosan sika deer has approximately bred out a herd of 100 wild sika deer since 1984. Controversies brought out of the program have made the supportive funds been cut down ever since the enthusiastic approach in the first two years. This research is completed through open-ended semi-structured interviews with the program associates and relevant experts. Via a qualitative analysis and the understanding of the information, the sequent analysis is focusing on the program’s decision-making, execution, consequences and the process as well. It is found that the abortion of the program is due to the lack of public identification, inappropriate resource- allocation, failure to cooperate scientific and economical thinking and the unawareness of the urgent need of in community-based conservation and education. On the other hand, the program nevertheless nourished the development of conservation activities, drew the attention of talented people, and also made a great approach on extending the ideas on the program both nationally and internationally. Comprehensive analysis on the reintroduction program and the emphasis on the future development of conservation in Taiwan are the core issues for this project.