國小六年級學生對野生動物保育的知識、態度及行為之研究

外文標題: 
Sixth Grade Students'''' Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors Towards Wildlife Conservation
校院系所: 
國立花蓮師範學院 國小科學教育研究所
指導教授: 
石明卿
出版年份: 
1999年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

本研究的目的在探討國小六年級學生對野生動物保育的知識、態度與行為以及三者間的關連性。主要採用調查研究法,以研究者發展之調查問卷為調查工具,並佐以訪談。本研究的母群體為花蓮縣國小六年級的全體學生。研究者在花蓮縣平地及山地鄉泰雅族分佈的區域,分別自城市(花蓮市)隨機抽取二所學校,自鄉村(新城鄉、壽豐鄉)各抽取一所學校。另外自山地鄉之秀林鄉及卓溪鄉各隨機抽取一所學校,自萬榮鄉抽取二所學校。合計有211位六年級學生為研究樣本。 本研究主要結果如下: 1. 國小六年級學生野生動物保育知識的來源以大眾傳播媒體為主,其次為學校課程與文字資料,自親朋好友處得知的則占少數。 2. 在「國小學生野生動物保育知識測驗卷」的得分上,男生與女生之間無顯著差異。非原住民與原住民學生之間、不同社經地位學生之間以及不同居住地區學生之間,其差異分別達統計上的顯著水準。 3. 在「國小學生野生動物保育態度問卷」的得分上,男生與女生之間無顯著差異。非原住民與原住民學生之間、不同社經地位學生之間以及不同居住地區學生之間,其差異分別達統計上的顯著水準。 4. 在「國小學生野生動物保育行為問卷」的得分上,男生與女生之間無顯著差異。非原住民與原住民學生之間、不同社經地位學生之間以及不同居住地區學生之間,其差異分別達統計上的顯著水準。 5. 國小六年級學生的野生動物保育知識、野生動物保育態度與野生動物保育行為之間呈顯著正相關。

外文摘要: 

The purpose of this study is to investigate sixth grade students’ knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards wildlife conservation. A questionnaire developed by the researcher together with interview method are used as research tools in order to collect related data. 211 subjects including non-aboriginal and aboriginal sixth grade students come from urban (Hualien) , rural (Hsincheng and Shoufeng) and aboriginal area (Hsiulin, Wanjung, and Chohsi). Aboriginal students all belong to Atayal natives. The main findings of this study are: 1. The major source of sixth grade students’ wildlife conservation knowledge comes from mass media, then secondly from school curriculum and printed material. Only a small portion comes from family or friends. 2. In students’ knowledge towards wildlife conservation: there is no significant difference between male and female students; there is significant difference between non-aboriginal and aboriginal students; there are significant differences between different socioeconomic status students; there are significant differences between urban, rural and aboriginal area students. 3. In students’ attitudes towards wildlife conservation: there is no significant difference between male and female students; there is significant difference between non-aboriginal and aboriginal students; there are significant differences between different socioeconomic status students; there are significant differences between urban, rural and aboriginal area students. 4. In students’ behaviors towards wildlife conservation: there is no significant difference between male and female students; there is significant difference between non-aboriginal and aboriginal students; there are significant differences between different socioeconomic status students; there are significant differences between urban, rural and aboriginal area students. 5. There is significant correlation between sixth grade students’ knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards wildlife conservation.