沈石溪動物小說中狼、豺、狗的研究及其在教育上的啟示

外文標題: 
Study and Educational Enlightenment of the wolves,jackals and dogs in the writings of Shen Shi-Xi
校院系所: 
屏東師範學院 國民教育研究所
指導教授: 
徐守濤
出版年份: 
2002年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

沈石溪先生是中國動物小說作家中,得獎最多的一位。他帶動大陸動物小說的風潮,故事情節曲折多變具傳奇性,內涵豐盈富哲理,發人省思,故作品廣受青睞。 本研究主要以沈石溪先生狼、豺、狗動物小說作品,為研究對象。 本論文分為七章 第壹章「緒論」,敘述本研究的動機與目的、研究方法與步驟、研究範圍和限制。 第貳章「沈石溪生平及其動物小說介紹」,分為四節,介紹作者生平經歷、創作歷程及其動物小說作品介紹。 第參章「沈石溪動物小說的特質」分為四節,包含動物種類的介紹、內心世界的刻劃、生存競爭及其生存藝術。 第肆章「沈石溪筆下的狼、豺、狗」,分為六節,探討作者作品中,狼、豺、狗領導者的領導藝術、族群意識、合作與糾紛、情感世界。 第伍章「沈石溪狼、豺、狗作品在教育上的啟示」,分為五節探討作者筆下狼、豺、狗作品的生命觀、死亡觀、合作觀、親職觀中,配合教育的理念,使青少年讀者獲益。 第陸章「揭開沈石溪動物小說的神秘面紗」,分為四節,包括學者對作者作品的正、負面評價,及對沈石溪筆下的狼、豺、狗作品的真實性做一說明。 第柒章「結論與建議」,分為二節,結論中歸納沈石溪動物主角的內心世界、教育寓意,研究者並分別對讀者、師長及父母、未來研究者做建議。 研究者有下列幾點的發現:一、沈石溪先生筆下的動物形象,既具備動物的自然規律,又注入幻想和人類生活現實,為動物人格化的創作模式,使得青少年讀者容易認同接受。二、逆向反思對動物的傳統看法,如狼、豺有情感、懂得感恩,卻也具備殘忍的雙面性格。三、作品常觸及動物生死問題、團結合作的重要性、親職教養方式的探索,對青少年讀者人格、人生價值觀的成形,帶來省思。

外文摘要: 

Shen Shi-Xi is one of the most awarded novelists of animal fictions in China. He initiates the fanatic enthusiasm of animal fictions in Mainland China, the plot of these fictions is complicated and various with a characteristic of legend, the contents of fictions are full of philosophy and stimulate deep thoughts, therefore his writings have gotten high regard from different fields. This is a study on wolves, jackals and dogs in the animal fictions of Shen Shi-Xi. The paper is divided into seven chapters Chapter One “Preface”, to describe the study purposes, the means and steps used in investigating the data and to briefly analyze the contents and its limitation. Chapter Two “Introduction to the life of Shen Shi-Xi and his animal fictions”, which consists of four sections, is to introduce the lifelong experiences, the creating process, and animal fictions of the author. Chapter Three “Characteristics of Shen Shi-Xi animal fictions” altogether four sections include the introduction of kinds, the description of the mental condition, competition for survival, and arts for survival of animals. Chapter Four “The wolves, jackals and dogs in the writings of Shen Shi-Xi altogether six sections, is to explore the art of leadership, sense of races, cooperation and disputes, world of emotion of the leaders among wolves, jackals, and dogs. Chapter Five “Enlightenment of the wolves, jackals and dogs in the writings of Shen Shi-Xi on education,” altogether five sections, is to explore the views of life, death, cooperation and parenthood of the fictions of the wolves, jackals and dogs. In coordination with the idea of education, it can benefit the young readers. Chapter Six "Uncover the mysterious veil of Shen Shi-Xi animal fictions", altogether four sections, is to explain the positive and negative judgments of scholars to his writings and the reliability of the wolves, jackals and dogs fictions of Shen Shi-Xi. Chapter Seven “Conclusion and Suggestion,” which has two sections, is to conclude the mental condition and educational moral of animal heroes in the writings of Shen Shi-Xi. Researchers offer separate suggestions to readers, teachers, parents, and future researchers. Several findings of researchers included: 1. To put fancy and real life style of human being into the appearance of animal in the writings of Mr. Shen Shi-Xi in addition to the natural regulations of animals, and to personalize animals in his writings will be easily accepted by young readers. 2. With counter-consideration to the traditional view to animals, such as wolves and jackals that also have feelings, understand gratefulness, but still have duplicate characteristics of cruelty. 3. His fictions often relates to the issue of life& death, the importance of cooperation and the exploration of parental up-bringing of animals, it causes deep thought on the cultivations of personality and life value of young readers.