沈石溪動物小說禽鳥行為及其意涵之研究

外文標題: 
A study of roost behavior and its significance in Shen Shi-xi’s animal novel
校院系所: 
國立屏東教育大學 語文教育學系碩士班
指導教授: 
徐守濤
出版年份: 
2006年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

沈石溪是中國動物小說作家,其動物小說都融有傳奇性、知識性與趣味性。作者透過動物形象的塑造,讓人了解動物的真實生活,藉由動物的生存行為與意義,折射現世人生的諸多思考與批判。 本研究主要以沈石溪先生筆下的禽鳥動物為研究對象,論文分為七個章節,探討禽鳥動物的生存策略、情感世界、教養行為及其意涵研究。 第壹章「緒論」,分為三節,說明研究動機與目的、文獻探討、研究範圍與限制。 第貳章「沈石溪的生平及著作」,分為四節,介紹作者生平與作品概述、創作觀,及其動物小說之特色。 第參章「沈石溪筆下禽鳥的生存策略」,分為五節,探討禽鳥的生存意義、野生禽鳥和豢養禽鳥的生存策略,及其生存行為的省思。 第肆章「沈石溪筆下禽鳥的情感世界」,分為五節,探討禽鳥的情感意義與類型、野生禽鳥和豢養禽鳥的親情、愛情與友情模式,及其情感行為的省思。 第伍章「沈石溪筆下禽鳥的教養行為」,分為五節,探討禽鳥的教養意義與行為、野生禽鳥和豢養禽鳥的教養方式,及其教養行為的省思。 第陸章「沈石溪動物小說中的意涵」,分為三節,探討動物的生命意義與類型,以及動物、人與自然的三種關係。 第柒章「結論」,針對研究所得,歸納幾點結論,以供參考。 藉由本次研究,研究者有幾點發現:一、沈石溪善於刻劃動物形象,從動物的生存、情感與教養行為中,讓人了解動物生存的困難與現實。二、沈石溪透過動物形象拷問生命,思索人生,進而昇華個人的生命意義與價值。三、動物身上有高貴的情操值得我們學習與借鑒,牠們有助於我們生活更加進步。

外文摘要: 

Abstract Shen Shi-xi is a Chinese novelist of animals, and his works are fully rich in the features of legend, knowledge, and color. The author makes people realize animal’s real life through a creation of animal images. Thinking and criticism are also derived from the reflection of current life through animals’ behavior and significance of existence. This study aims at the roosts in Mr. Shen’s work as research samples. Dissertation divided into seven chapters discusses roosts’ survival strategies, emotional world, breeding behavior, and its significance. Chapter one “Introduction” divided into three sections suggests that motivation and purpose of this research, literature review, research orientation and its limitations. Chapter two “Shen Shi-xi’s biobibliography” divided into four sections indicates the author’s biobibliography, the concept of his literary creation, and features of animal novels. Chapter three “Survival strategies of the roosts in Mr.Shen’s work” divided into five sections discusses the roosts’ significance of existence, survival strategies of wild roosts and domestic ones, and the reflection of their behavior of existence. Chapter four “Roosts’ emotional world in Shen Shi-xi’s work” divided into five sections explains roosts’ emotions and modes, the relationship, love and friendship between wild roosts and domestic ones, and the reflection of their emotional behavior. Chapter five “The roosts’ breeding behavior in Mr. Shen’s work” divided into five sections discusses the roosts’ breeding significance and behavior, breeding methods between wild roosts and domestic ones, and the reflection of their breeding behavior. Chapter six “The significance in Shen Shi-xi’s animal novel” divided into three sections indicates that animals’ significance of life and types, and the relationship among animals, human, and nature. Chapter seven “Conclusion” focuses on acquirement from the research, and summarizes several conclusions as reference. According to the study, a researcher has several findings: (1) Shen Shi-xi is expert at creating animal images. Through animals’ existence, emotions, and breeding behavior, people can acknowledge animals’ survival difficulties and realities. (2) Shen Shi-xi gives insight to human life through animal images so that significance and value of personal life could be sublimed. (3) People are suggested to learn Animal’s noble behavior because it can further improve human life.