花蓮地區大學生對同伴動物認知與態度之研究

外文標題: 
Knowledge and Attitudes of Hualien College Students towards Companion Animals.
校院系所: 
國立花蓮師範學院生態與環境教育研究所
指導教授: 
張惠珠
出版年份: 
2005年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

本研究採問卷調查法,以自編之「花蓮地區大學生對同伴動物認知與態度調查問卷」為工具。以花蓮地區大學生為母群體,探討大學生對於同伴動物的認知與態度。從「性別」、「有無養狗經驗」及「是否曾參加與動物保護相關之團體、研討會或活動」三個不同背景變項之下,瞭解花蓮地區大學生對於動物保護法法規、犬隻疾病防治與犬隻生理保健之認知;對動物保護、動物權與動物福祉之態度;以及對犬隻絕育、安樂死處理、流浪動物問題與解決方式之觀點。共發出600份問卷,回收533份。 研究結果發現:花蓮地區大學生對同伴動物的認知平均得分換算成百分數為70 分;「性別」、「有無養狗經驗」以及「是否曾參加與動物保護相關之團體、研討會或活動」等背景變項皆與對同伴動物飼養的認知無顯著相關。在態度層面上,花蓮地區大學生的動物保護態度趨於正向;「性別」與「養狗經驗」為影響花蓮地區大學生動物保護態度之因素;「是否曾參加與動物保護相關之團體、研討會或活動」則與大學生對動物保護的態度無顯著相關。對於流浪動物多數大學生有如下的觀點:流浪犬最常造成的問題為引起交通意外事故、傳染疾病與有礙環境衛生;結紮與認領養制度有助於解決流浪犬問題;個人願意幫助流浪犬的方式為捐助金錢給動保團體,然而直接幫助受傷或病弱動物的意願低落。

外文摘要: 

The research method of this study focuses on questionnaire survey using 「questionnaire on knowledge and attitudes of Hualien college students towards companion animals」. With the target population set on college students in Hualien area, this study aims to explore the knowledge and attitudes of Hualien college students towards companion animals. Based on the three different variables of 「gender」, 「with or without the experience of keeping a dog」 and 「with or without the participation of any group, conference or activity concerning animal protection」, this study tries to understand the knowledge of Hualien college students towards related enactments of animal protection and physical health care of dogs; the attitudes of animal protection, animal rights and animal welfare; as well as the viewpoints towards sterilization of dogs, handling of euthanasia, problems of stray animals and the resolution. The questionnaire counts to 600 copies and retrieves 533 copies finally. As the research result shows, the average score of the knowledge of Hualien college students towards companion animals is 70 points reduced in percentage. In the aspect of knowledge variables of 「gender」, 「with or without the experience of keeping a dog」 and 「with or without the participation of any group, conference or activity concerning animal protection」 are not apparently related to the knowledge of Hualien college students towards keeping of companion animals. In the aspect of attitudes, the attitude of Hualien college students towards animal protection appears positive. 「Gender」 and 「with or without the experience of keeping a dog」 are the reasons affecting the attitudes of Hualien college students towards animal protection; while 「with or without the participation of any group, conference or activity concerning animal protection」 remains not apparently related to the attitudes of college students towards animal protection. Most points of view of Hualien college students towards stray animals are as follows: the major problems caused by stray dogs are traffic accidents, decease infection and damage to environment health; ligation and adoption system are helpful to solve the problem of stray animals; the way individuals willing to help stray dogs is donating money to groups of animal protection yet most people are unwilling to help injured or sick animals directly.