科學文明日新月異造福許多人，但動物所生存之處境卻日漸艱辛，所幸人類意識到此問題，開此反省對待動物的態度，因而動物保護議題，受到多數國家之重視。 動物保護運動隨之興起，也促使國際間動物保護組織不斷成立，成為現今動物保護運動的一大力量。因此，瞭解國內外在動物保護運動與組織發展之差異，擷取各國之優點以補強國內之不足，才可加速我國動物保護運動之發展。同時，學界也開始深入探討動物保護之道德價值問題，由於法律的形成是需要以理論作為基礎，因此理論日漸成熟亦牽動著法律制度改變，使許多國家重新修正法律概念與體系，提昇動物法律地位。然而現今在我國對於動物保護的理論依據以及法律規定仍然相當地粗略匱乏，故可以國外立法例為鑑，逐步修正或制定相關法令，完善動物保護之法律體系。 目前我國亦陸續制定動物保護相關法令，而社會卻仍有許多虐待動物情事發生，顯然動物保護於我國徒有法存在而無法確實落實法執行，尚有許多令人詬病之處，本文分別就我國動物保護規範與實務之運作成效作一分析檢討，進而給予檢討與修正建議。 最後，惟有徹底改變現有觀念，建立新生命觀念法律體系，使動物保護真正落實，以達成人與動物合諧社會的理想目標。
The incessant changes in high-tech benefit many people, but the places housing animals are getting tougher and tougher. Fortunately, as human beings are conscious of the problems, they are introspective of their attitudes toward animals, making the subject of animal protection carry weight in most countries. Following the train of animal protection, numerous international organizations of animal protection are emerging, forming a great force in the related movements. Hence, to comprehend the variations among local and alien animal protection movements in terms of organizations and developments, and to overcome our own shortcomings by learning from others strong points may result in the speed-up of the movements in this country. Simultaneously, the moral and value questions regarding animal protection have been further discussed in academic fields. With the theory maturation which the law formation is based on, many countries refined their concepts and systems in this respect to promote the status of animal related laws. However, the current theory and law making in Taiwan regarding animal protection are still on the stage of puberty. Therefore, a thorough and concise animal protection system is expected to result from using the laws of other countries for reference, so as to amend or make the laws related in Taiwan. Although the related animal protection laws have been continuously made in Taiwan, there are still cases of animal abuse. It seems the animal protection law fails in fully practicing its duty, and many deficiencies needed to be improved. Thus, this research tends to analyze the legal regime and practice of the animal protection law in Taiwan and to offer some suggestions. It is believed that only with the complete changes in concepts and with the establishment of new law system about life can the ideal of animal protection be realized. And, it is promising that a harmonious society between human begins and animals will thus be shaped.